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Diabetes Testing. What does it all mean?

November 1, 2019

November is diabetes awareness month and Pisgah Valley is always happy to share information about this disease that affects so many. Currently there are over 100 million people living with some type of diabetes in the United States according to a 2017 report by the CDC. Contrary to many people’s thoughts on diabetes, this disease can still be a part of someone’s life and not ruin it; that is if regular testing and checkups are performed properly. Once a diabetes diagnosis has been given, that person must learn how to navigate this disease and one way of navigating concisely is through the interpretation and understanding of different test results.

diabetes test equipment

What are some of the tests for diabetics?


This test gives an average look at how diabetes is controlled over a three month period. Specifically, the A1C or hemoglobin A1C test shows the percentage of red blood cells that have sugar coated hemoglobin. Those suffering from diabetes should have this test performed in a doctor’s office every three months. A normal A1C result should be below 5.7%. Prediabetes results range from 5.7-6.4% and diabetes results range from 6.7% or higher. An A1C test can be done at any time of the day because fasting is not required.

Blood Sugar

Most food eaten is broken down into sugar and released into the bloodstream. Diabetes is a condition in which there is too much sugar in the blood stream. If diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the person must self-test periodically throughout the day. Optimal times of the day for testing include:

  • Upon waking up from a night’s sleep
  • Before a meal
  • Two hours after a meal
  • At bedtime

Healthy target range before a meal: 80-130mg/dl

Healthy target range two hours after eating: Less than 180 mg/dl

Other Recommended Annual Tests

Along with the A1C and blood sugar testing, an annual doctor’s visit should be scheduled for measuring blood pressure, cholesterol and a foot exam at a minimum.

Foot Exam

Once per year a diabetic sufferer should have their feet checked. This is most oftentimes performed in a doctor’s office with a “mono-filament” which is a little piece of nylon that just barely touches the skin. If a person can feel this, they are much less likely to have an amputation. If a person cannot feel this then most likely their blood sugars are chronically high and a risk for amputation is realistic at some point.

Diabetes does not have to be a fatal or interrupting diagnosis. With proper education, regular testing and healthy habits, a person can live a fulfilled life with diabetes for many years to come. Join Pisgah Valley and wear blue in support of World Diabetes Day on November 14.

Understanding Balance Challenges within Humans

October 1, 2019

Preventing falls is a priority for anyone at any age. Falls can range from a very simple loss in balance resulting in the need to grab a wall before hitting the ground or they can be severe by making complete contact with the ground resulting in a blow to the head or broken limb. Either …Read More…

Your Brain on Humor

August 28, 2019

Finding time for one joke in your day may make you smarter, healthier, sexier and happier. It’s no joke that at Pisgah Valley we like to have fun and that laughter can be the best medicine (no pun intended) but do you know exactly how laughter activates the brain and the multiple benefits we receive …Read More…

Summer Safety Tips for Alzheimer’s Sufferers

July 16, 2019

As we approach the dog days of summer, warm weather safety is a priority for all but especially those who suffer from Alzheimer’s disease.  Along with the pleasant summer weather are get-togethers, vacations, and simply, more time outdoors especially in areas like Asheville.  This can be a fun time of the year but it can …Read More…

Improving Teenage Mental Health How Grandparents can play a Vital Role

June 17, 2019

July is teenage mental health month and for good reason.  The rates of teenagers being diagnosed with mental health problems have risen alarmingly over the years indicating that young people are suffering from increased stress due to many environmental factors, peer pressure, and societal expectations.  As grandparents who have lived and learned, seniors play a …Read More…

Senior Eating Tips

May 28, 2019

Eating well at home can be a challenge for many different types of people especially seniors.  One solution is to turn to convenience foods such as premade frozen meals, canned soups, sandwiches and fast food combos.  Although these foods provide flavor, calories and some nutrients they are seriously lacking in fiber, minerals, and vitamins.  They …Read More…

Retirement Goals: Balance the Good with the Bad…. Stress, that is!

April 25, 2019

CREATION health, the whole health wellness program teaches us that “regardless of length, rest offers energy for the burned-out and restoration for the broken.”  Rest is a necessity for us to keep going psychologically and physiologically.  One factor that affects a person’s quality of rest is stress. Everyone experiences stress.  That’s a fact.  How a …Read More…

Eating for Longevity

March 18, 2019

In modern day societies, nutrition has become a complicated subject.  We have big food companies with the goal of making money and not so much of a goal to provide the public with nutritious, wholesome food.  Nowadays navigating the grocery store requires skill, knowledge and discipline.  As we focus on Nutrition throughout the month of …Read More…

Setting Your Attitude for the Day

October 11, 2018

There are a lot of choices we make each day and then there are details about life that come with no choice like who your parents are, what day you were born, or what the weather is going to be like.  As humans we have the incredible power of choosing to have a positive outlook …Read More…

Garden Harvesting Tips and Tricks

August is one of the busiest times of the year for a gardener.  Vegetables, fruits, flowers and of course weeds have grown and are ready to be pulled.  In the Asheville area, squash varieties have been picked and eaten, peppers are ready to be picked, and tomatoes are ripe on the vine so that means …Read More…

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Pisgah Valley Retirement Community

6 Rhododendron Way
Candler, NC 28715